What if the EEOC does not find there has been discrimination?

If the EEOC does not find reasonable cause of discrimination, that does not end the matter. The EEOC will issue a right to sue letter to the charging party, which then means that the charging party has 90 days (from the issuance of the letter) to file suit in federal or state court. When the EEOC sends a right to sue letter to an employee, it does not necessarily mean that the employer did not think the employee was discriminated against; rather, it could simply mean that the EEOC has chosen to focus its attention and litigation resources on larger class action type cases where an employer has discriminated against a whole bunch of people instead of just one employee.