What is borderline personality disorder?

Borderline personality disorder is a lifelong condition of unstable emotions and relationships. Individuals suffering from borderline personality disorder experience brief, rapid mood swings into intense anger, rage, sadness, or anxiety. Borderline personality disorder is also associated with impulsive acts of self mutilation and multiple suicide attempts. In addition, individuals with borderline personality disorder usually feel severe emotional numbness and emptiness, and they may overreact to perceived abandonment. Neuropsychological testing shows cognitive deficits in borderline patients that increase with the severity of their illness.

Antidepressants are unlikely to work well for borderline personality disorder. Psychodynamic psychotherapy, structured group psychotherapy, and supportive psychotherapy are sometimes helpful.