Structured movements that help to stretch and flex the muscle groups around the joints to keep the joints supple and unrestricted. A physical therapist can teach range of motion exercises specific for each joint that take into consideration any existing injuries or limitations. In general, range of motion exercises gently extend, flex, bend, or rotate the joint through all of the positions it can accommodate.
All movements should be slow and steady. yoga and tai CHI are excellent structured activities that improve range of motion as well as flexibility, balance, and strength. Walking, swimming, and other activities that get the body in motion are also good. Whatever the activity, it should attempt to use each joint to its fullest.